Cancer Prevention and Cancer Survival – What You Can Do

by Dr Naras Lapsys

The World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research recently issued 8 recommendations for the prevention of cancer. In short, these recommendations are as follows:

–          Maintain a healthy weight

–          Stay physically active

–          Don’t smoke

–          Eat a lot of plant-based food

–          Limit your red meat consumption and avoid processed meat

–          Cut back on alcohol

–          Cut back on salt

Actively applying these guidelines has been linked to a 5% fall in the risk of developing any form of cancer for every lifestyle element that a person adopts.

In a recent 2013 study (1) involving 2000 women with confirmed cancer diagnosis, it was shown that women who met 6 or more of the cancer prevention guidelines had very significant benefits. Women that followed most of the guidelines had 33% fewer deaths from all causes when compared to women who met 4 or fewer guidelines. Interestingly, the most beneficial recommendation was the 30min per day of physical activity.

A 5% fall in risk of developing cancer might not seem that much, but again, the recommendations are certainly not difficult to aspire to. However if you are a cancer survivor, these recommendations really should be essential.

  1. Inoue-Choi ME et al. Adherence to the WCRF/AICR guidelines for cancer prevention is associated with lower mortality among female cancer survivors. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 2013;22:792-802

 

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