The World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research recently issued 8 recommendations for the prevention of cancer. In short, these recommendations are as follows:
– Maintain a healthy weight
– Stay physically active
– Don’t smoke
– Eat a lot of plant-based food
– Limit your red meat consumption and avoid processed meat
– Cut back on alcohol
– Cut back on salt
Actively applying these guidelines has been linked to a 5% fall in the risk of developing any form of cancer for every lifestyle element that a person adopts.
In a recent 2013 study (1) involving 2000 women with confirmed cancer diagnosis, it was shown that women who met 6 or more of the cancer prevention guidelines had very significant benefits. Women that followed most of the guidelines had 33% fewer deaths from all causes when compared to women who met 4 or fewer guidelines. Interestingly, the most beneficial recommendation was the 30min per day of physical activity.
A 5% fall in risk of developing cancer might not seem that much, but again, the recommendations are certainly not difficult to aspire to. However if you are a cancer survivor, these recommendations really should be essential.
- Inoue-Choi ME et al. Adherence to the WCRF/AICR guidelines for cancer prevention is associated with lower mortality among female cancer survivors. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 2013;22:792-802